Skin is made of 3 layers : the epidermis, which is the layer you can see and touch, the dermis and the hypodermis. These layers are made of different types of cells (secretory cells), elastin and collagen fibers. Skin aging results from diminished cell activity and cell renewal, less fiber production and increased sensitivity to external aggressions. This causes skin sagging, with a thinner and dryer skin as well as wrinkles, lines and age spots.
Deep in the skin, aging causes fat and bone volume loss, which decreases skin support and makes tissues sag downwards. In the face area, the triangle shape (the chin representing the bottom tip of the triangle) becomes inverted and facial roundness disappears. The cheeks and temples also lose volume, nasolabial folds accentuate, lips lose volume…
It is worth reminding that the best way to prevent aging is a healthy lifestyle. Staying away from nicotine, using sun protection, eating healthy and exercising regularly are the most efficient way to delay aging signs.
Surgical anti-aging treatments
Surgeons are qualified to perform anti-aging treatments. These treatments aim at correcting the effects of gravity and aging combined by repositioning tissues in their right place. When skin sagging is significant, the surgeon has to tighten it up, remove excess skin and restore volume where it has been lost.
For the face area, one of the most common facial rejuvenation procedures is the face and neck lift, which corrects the lower third of the face. The temporal lift is used to correct the temple area as well as sagging in the eyelids.
These procedures adapt to all sorts of cases, which means surgeons can customize the procedure to each patient’s needs. Volume restoration can be achieved through fat repositioning or fat grafting.