Botox is the most popular brand of neuromodulator, which derives from botulinum toxin. This substance limits the contraction of facial muscles by paralyzing them. Mainly used to minimize wrinkles resulting from the contraction of facial muscles, Botox can also be used to treat other issues such as neck spasms, overactive bladder, strabismus, etc.
The botulinum toxin blocks nerve signals responsible for the contraction of the targeted muscles. The most common issues addressed by Botox injections are :
Wrinkles between the eyebrows
Wrinkles in the corner of the eyes, also called crow’s feet
Deep forehand wrinkles
This carbohydrate (sugar) is everywhere in our body. When it’s not bonded to molecules, it bonds to water, which gives it a viscous texture similar to jelly. This viscous gel has been studied numerous times in the field of orthopedics and ophthalmology. Its function is, among others, to lubricate the joints and the muscles. Its consistency and compatibility with the tissues of the body makes it an excellent treatment of wrinkles and facial volume loss, this is why hyaluronic acid based products are so popular.
The skin is of the largest organs in the body, it represents around 15% of the body’s total weight. Almost half of the hyaluronic acid in our body is located within the skin. This acid and collagen are crucial to maintain the various layers and structures of the skin. Collagen makes the skin soft and firm whereas hyaluronic acid nourishes and hydrates this collagen. Collagen is similar to an elastic fiber that recovers its previous state after being stretched. A young skin is smooth and very elastic because it contains high levels of hyaluronic acid, which keep it healthy. With time, the body struggles to maintain these levels and the skin dries out as a result. Hyaluronic acid injections are made where the wrinkles are forming to smooth them out and where roundness has disappeared :
Wrinkles between the mouth and the chin
Nasolabial folds (going from the corners of the nose to the corners of the mouth)
Hollows of the face (under the cheeks, jawline, under the eyes, etc.)
Lips augmentation / correction